Performance Appraisal

Please choose the most appropriate answer for each sentence.
  • 1

    Archer North notes that the history of performance appraisal is quite brief; its roots in the early 20th century can be traced to Taylor's pioneering Time and ..... studies.

  • 2

    As a distinct and formal management procedure used in the evaluation of work performance, appraisal really ..... from the time of the Second World War - not more than 60 years ago.

  • 3

    Yet in a broader sense, the practice of appraisal is a very ancient art; in the scale of things historical, it might well ..... claim to being the world's second oldest profession!

  • 4

    There is, says Dulewicz (1989), "a basic human tendency to make judgements about those one is working with, as well as about oneself" - appraisal, it seems, is both ..... and universal.

  • 5

    In the absence of a carefully structured system of appraisal, people will tend to judge the work performance of others, including subordinates, naturally, informally and ......

  • 6

    The human ..... to judge can create serious motivational, ethical and legal problems in the workplace.

  • 7

    Performance appraisal systems began as simple methods of income ......

  • 8

    The process was firmly linked to material outcomes: if an employee's performance was found to be less than ideal, a ..... in pay would follow.

  • 9

    On the other hand, if their performance was better than the supervisor expected, a pay rise was in ......

  • 10

    Pay rates were important, but they were not the only element that had an impact on employee performance; it was found that other issues, such as ..... and self-esteem, could also have a major influence.

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