Swedish Trade Unions

Please choose the most appropriate answer for each sentence.
  • 1
    Swedish unions do not rely much on formal organizing campaigns; employees join either of their own ..... or as a result of group pressure.
  • 2
    Being outside a union is a risky business, as unions control much of labour regulation; though any form of ..... against non-unionized employees is against the law, it can be hidden by employers acting together with unions.
  • 3
    Unionization rates in the service sector are significantly lower than in industry, at least among blue-collar workers; still, they ..... around 70 per cent, a figure that is high enough not to cause serious union worry.
  • 4
    Atypical work has ..... and now accounts for some 30 to 35 per cent of total employment; however, atypical employees are unionized to the same extent as others, perhaps slightly more so.
  • 5
    The reason seems to be that they are more ..... to exploitation and so have more to gain from union membership.
  • 6
    Effective collective ..... arrangements exist in all sectors of the economy.
  • 7
    Even the temporary work business is unionized and covered by a ..... collective agreement.
  • 8
    The greatest difficulty is to make salaries respond to changes in market demand: the pay structure is highly ..... in the sense that it is extremely difficult to change the relative level of different categories of employees.
  • 9
    If one union manages to negotiate extra high pay increases for its members, perhaps due to market forces, all other unions will immediately demand - and fight hard for - the same increase, threatening to ..... the initial effect.
  • 10
    Unions have a ..... monopoly on collective pay regulation since there is no free labour market in the sense of a market not governed by collective agreements.

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